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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: symptoms and causes

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is basically a hormonal disorder. 12-18% of the female population of the conceivable age is affected by PCOS. In high-risk groups like indigenous women, 21% of the female inhabitants suffer from Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. Though the word ‘polycystic’ indicates ‘multiple cysts’, all women with PCOS may not have several cysts. Moreover, these cysts are basically half-formed follicles containing eggs.

Symptoms and signs of polycystic ovarian syndrome

PCOS has several symptoms, most of which are due to rise in the level of androgen hormone in the female body. This phenomenon is known as ‘hyperandrogenism’. Androgens are basically male hormones, the main one being testosterone. Small portions of androgen are produced in the bodies of women as well, in the adrenal glands, ovaries and other tissues. But, when the level of androgen increases, it disturbs a woman’s menstrual cycle and prevents ovulation.

The hormone insulin also plays a key role in the development of polycystic ovarian syndrome. Our body needs insulin for controlling blood sugar. When some of our body parts become ‘insulin resistant’, it becomes difficult for the body to maintain normal blood pressure. This also affects the functioning of one’s ovaries and production of eggs.

These are the basic symptoms of PCOS. It is not necessary that a woman affected with PCOS has all of these symptoms:

  • Irregular or missed periods

A woman’s monthly ovulation cycle and menstruation can be disrupted by PCOS. This can lead to eight menstrual cycles in a year and one menstrual cycle can continue for more than 35 days. Many women having PCOS report lighter or heavier bleeding. In order to get rid of menstrual cramps, buy tramadols online.

  • Acne

As androgen increases the oil producing glands’ size, severe acne is one of the side-effects of having PCOS.

  • Excess hair

Having excess hair particularly on the face, chin, thighs, upper lip, lower abdomen and chest is one of the most common symptoms of PCOS.

  • Hair loss

Loss of hair or alopecia is another depressing side-effect of polycystic ovarian syndrome.

  • Lack of fertility

In some women, ovulation stops completely due to PCOS, making it difficult for them to become pregnant. However, with medical assistance, this problem can be solved.

  • Psychological effects

Anxiety and depression are two common symptoms. Dealing with severe acne, irregular periods, hair fall, facial hair, weight changes and also fertility problems affect a person’s self-esteem, femininity and sexuality.

Causes of PCOS

Though the exact causes of PCOS are unknown, it is connected with family history, lifestyle, insulin resistance and lifestyle.

  • Family history- If a mother has PCOS there are 50% chances of the daughter having PCOS as well.
  • Weight- Being overweight worsens the situation. People having a healthy weight are less affected by PCOS than the ones who are overweight.
  • Lifestyle and insulin resistance- Insulin resistance is among the major causes of PCOS. This type of insulin resistance is more common in women who are overweight. Lifestyle changes can be beneficial for curing PCOS to a great extent.

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